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Safety of epidural administration of Osteogenic Protein-1 (OP-1/BMP-7): behavioral and macroscopic observation.

STUDY DESIGN: To assess the safety of epidural administration of Osteogenic Protein-1 (OP-1). OBJECTIVES: To examine if epidural administration of OP-1 or administration into the nucleus pulposus (NP) resulted in ectopic bone formation and/or pain-related behavior. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: OP-1 has the potential for treatment of degenerative disc disease. However, OP-1's safety, when it is applied into the epidural space or herniated nucleus pulposus, is not well established. METHODS: Forty rats were divided into 5 groups. Sham group: Left L4 and L5 nerve roots were exposed. NP group: The NP obtained from the tail was relocated onto the exposed nerve roots. NP+OP group: The NP obtained from the tail and injected with 0.2 microg of OP-1 in 1 microL of 5% lactose-buffered solution was placed on the nerve roots. GS group: A gelatin sponge was applied on the nerve roots. GS+OP group: A gelatin sponge soaked with 0.2 microg of OP-1 in 1 microL of 5% lactose-buffered solution was placed onto the nerve roots. Motor function and reflex responses to mechanical noxious stimuli were measured in all rats up to 3 weeks after surgery. Three weeks after surgery, all rats were killed for analysis of ectopic bone formation and magnitude of neural compression. RESULTS: Motor paresis was not observed in any groups. Only rats in the NP group showed evidence of irreversible mechanical hyperalgesia after surgery. There were no differences in the mechanical stimuli response among all groups except the NP group. Macroscopic examination revealed no ectopic bone formation or differences in neural compression among the groups. CONCLUSION: OP-1 application in the epidural space is safe based on behavioral measures and macroscopic observation on ectopic bone formation at 21 days after surgery.[1]

References

  1. Safety of epidural administration of Osteogenic Protein-1 (OP-1/BMP-7): behavioral and macroscopic observation. Kawakami, M., Hashizume, H., Matsumoto, T., Enyo, Y., Okada, M., Yoshida, M., Chubinskaya, S. Spine (2007) [Pubmed]
 
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