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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

LRH-1-mediated glucocorticoid synthesis in enterocytes protects against inflammatory bowel disease.

Liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH-1) is a nuclear receptor involved in intestinal lipid homeostasis and cell proliferation. Here we show that haploinsufficiency of LRH-1 predisposes mice to the development of intestinal inflammation. Besides the increased inflammatory response, LRH-1 heterozygous mice exposed to 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid show lower local corticosterone production as a result of an impaired intestinal expression of the enzymes CYP11A1 and CYP11B1, which control the local synthesis of corticosterone in the intestine. Local glucocorticoid production is strictly enterocyte-dependent because it is robustly reduced in epithelium-specific LRH-1-deficient mice. Consistent with these findings, colon biopsies of patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis show reduced expression of LRH-1 and genes involved in the production of glucocorticoids. Hence, LRH-1 regulates intestinal immunity in response to immunological stress by triggering local glucocorticoid production. These findings underscore the importance of LRH-1 in the control of intestinal inflammation and the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease.[1]


  1. LRH-1-mediated glucocorticoid synthesis in enterocytes protects against inflammatory bowel disease. Coste, A., Dubuquoy, L., Barnouin, R., Annicotte, J.S., Magnier, B., Notti, M., Corazza, N., Antal, M.C., Metzger, D., Desreumaux, P., Brunner, T., Auwerx, J., Schoonjans, K. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2007) [Pubmed]
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