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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Determination in plasma of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor by inhibitor-binding assay.

A method of determining a new angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (CS-622) and its active metabolite (RS-5139) in plasma by inhibitor-binding assay has been developed using high-performance liquid chromatography. The assay is based on the principle that the amount of inhibitor bound to the enzyme is inversely related to the amount of hippuric acid liberated on hydrolysis from the artificial substrate (hippuryl-L-histidyl-L-leucine). Plasma was heated at 60 degrees C for 15 min, to inactivate endogenous enzyme, and preincubated with rabbit-lung angiotensin-converting enzyme at 37 degrees C for 3 min. The artificial substrate (5.75 mg/ml in pH 8.3 phosphate buffer containing sodium chloride) was added to the resulting solution, and the mixture was incubated for 30 min. The reaction was terminated by the addition of 2 M hydrochloric acid. The hippuric acid liberated on hydrolysis was extracted with ethyl acetate and determined by reversed-phase chromatography using methylparaben as an internal standard. The total concentration of the inhibitor and its metabolite were determined by this method after de-esterification by rat-plasma esterase. The standard curve was obtained by the regression analysis of log concentration against logit response. The within-day and day-to-day precision were satisfactory. The proposed method is simple, rapid and sensitive enough to determine angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor in plasma.[1]


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