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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Human papillomavirus type 16 and 18 E7-pulsed dendritic cell vaccination of stage IB or IIA cervical cancer patients: a phase I escalating-dose trial.

The safety and immunogenicity of the human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) or HPV18 (HPV16/18) E7 antigen-pulsed mature dendritic cell (DC) vaccination were evaluated for patients with stage IB or IIA cervical cancer. Escalating doses of autologous DC (5, 10, and 15 x 10(6) cells for injection) were pulsed with recombinant HPV16/18 E7 antigens and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH; an immunological tracer molecule) and delivered in five subcutaneous injections at 21-day intervals to 10 cervical cancer patients with no evidence of disease after they underwent radical surgery. Safety, toxicity, delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction, and induction of serological and cellular immunity against HPV16/18 E7 and KLH were monitored. DC vaccination was well tolerated, and no significant toxicities were recorded. All patients developed CD4(+) T-cell and antibody responses to DC vaccination, as detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISpot) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), respectively, and 8 out of 10 patients demonstrated levels of E7-specific CD8(+) T-cell counts, detected by ELISpot during or immediately after immunization, that were increased compared to prevaccination baseline levels. The vaccine dose did not predict the magnitude of the antibody or T-cell response or the time to detection of HPV16/18 E7-specific immunity. DTH responses to intradermal injections of HPV E7 antigen and KLH were detected for all patients after vaccination. We conclude that HPV E7-loaded DC vaccination is safe and immunogenic for stage IB or IIA cervical cancer patients. Phase II E7-pulsed DC-based vaccination trials with cervical cancer patients harboring a limited tumor burden, or who are at significant risk of tumor recurrence, are warranted.[1]

References

  1. Human papillomavirus type 16 and 18 E7-pulsed dendritic cell vaccination of stage IB or IIA cervical cancer patients: a phase I escalating-dose trial. Santin, A.D., Bellone, S., Palmieri, M., Zanolini, A., Ravaggi, A., Siegel, E.R., Roman, J.J., Pecorelli, S., Cannon, M.J. J. Virol. (2008) [Pubmed]
 
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