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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

A proton-mediated conformational shift identifies a mobile pore-lining cysteine residue (Cys-561) in human concentrative nucleoside transporter 3.

The concentrative nucleoside transporter (CNT) protein family in humans is represented by three members, hCNT1, hCNT2, and hCNT3. Belonging to a CNT subfamily phylogenetically distinct from hCNT1/2, hCNT3 mediates transport of a broad range of purine and pyrimidine nucleosides and nucleoside drugs, whereas hCNT1 and hCNT2 are pyrimidine and purine nucleoside-selective, respectively. All three hCNTs are Na(+)-coupled. Unlike hCNT1/2, however, hCNT3 is also capable of H(+)-mediated nucleoside cotransport. Using site-directed mutagenesis in combination with heterologous expression in Xenopus oocytes, we have identified a C-terminal intramembranous cysteine residue of hCNT3 (Cys-561) that reversibly binds the hydrophilic thiol-reactive reagent p-chloromercuribenzene sulfonate (PCMBS). Access of this membrane-impermeant probe to Cys-561, as determined by inhibition of hCNT3 transport activity, required H(+), but not Na(+), and was blocked by extracellular uridine. Although this cysteine residue is also present in hCNT1 and hCNT2, neither transporter was affected by PCMBS. We conclude that Cys-561 is located in the translocation pore in a mobile region within or closely adjacent to the nucleoside binding pocket and that access of PCMBS to this residue reports a specific H(+)-induced conformational state of the protein.[1]

References

  1. A proton-mediated conformational shift identifies a mobile pore-lining cysteine residue (Cys-561) in human concentrative nucleoside transporter 3. Slugoski, M.D., Ng, A.M., Yao, S.Y., Smith, K.M., Lin, C.C., Zhang, J., Karpinski, E., Cass, C.E., Baldwin, S.A., Young, J.D. J. Biol. Chem. (2008) [Pubmed]
 
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