The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Potentiation of the cytotoxic action of mafosfamide by N-isopropyl-p-formylbenzamide, a metabolite of procarbazine.

Several mouse aldehyde dehydrogenases catalyze the detoxification of aldophosphamide, the pivotal metabolite of the prodrugs cyclophosphamide, mafosfamide, and other oxazaphosphorines. N-Isopropyl-p-formylbenzamide, a major metabolite of procarbazine, was found to be an excellent substrate (Km = 0.84 microM) for at least one of these enzymes, namely, mouse aldehyde dehydrogenase-2. The Km for mouse aldehyde dehydrogenase-2-catalyzed detoxification of aldophosphamide is 16 microM. Thus, competition between N-isopropyl-p-formylbenzamide and aldophosphamide for the catalytic site on the enzyme should strongly favor the former, and the rate at which aldophosphamide is detoxified should be markedly retarded. Mouse L1210/OAP and P388/CLA leukemia cells are relatively insensitive to the oxazaphosphorines because they contain large amounts of mouse aldehyde dehydrogenase-2. As predicted, N-isopropyl-p-formylbenzamide markedly potentiated the cytotoxic action of mafosfamide against these cells. Mouse L1210/0 and P388/0 lack the enzyme. Again as expected, N-isopropyl-p-formylbenzamide essentially did not potentiate the cytotoxic action of mafosfamide against these cells. Certain mouse and human hematopoietic progenitor cells also contain an aldehyde dehydrogenase that catalyzes the detoxification of aldophosphamide, but the specific identity of this enzyme remains to be established. N-Isopropyl-p-formylbenzamide potentiated the cytotoxic action of mafosfamide against these cells as well. Clinically, procarbazine and the oxazaphosphorines are used to treat certain neoplastic diseases. Frequently, they are used in combination. Our findings demonstrate the potential for both desirable and undesirable drug interactions when these agents are used concurrently. Similar drug interactions can be expected when other substrates for, or inhibitors of, the relevant aldehyde dehydrogenases, e.g., chloramphenicol, chloral hydrate, and methyltetrazolethiol-containing cephalosporins, are co-administered with the oxazaphosphorines.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities