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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of IL-1 beta expression in THP-1 cells by probucol and tocopherol.

The cytokine interleukin-1, IL-1, likely plays an important role in the early stages of atherogenesis. The possible action of probucol and tocopherol on the expression and secretion of IL-1 beta was investigated using the human monocytic leukemia cell line, THP-1. Both probucol and D-alpha-tocopherol inhibit the phorbol ester-induced release of IL-1 beta without altering differentiation. Analysis of IL-1 beta mRNA levels revealed that probucol and tocopherol had an inhibitory effect on the activation of expression of the IL-1 beta gene. The data suggest that the beneficial effects of probucol may be related to inhibition of IL-1 at an early phase of atherosclerotic plaque formation.[1]


  1. Inhibition of IL-1 beta expression in THP-1 cells by probucol and tocopherol. Akeson, A.L., Woods, C.W., Mosher, L.B., Thomas, C.E., Jackson, R.L. Atherosclerosis (1991) [Pubmed]
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