The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning, sequencing, and expression of human myocardial fatty acid ethyl ester synthase-III cDNA.

Fatty acid ethyl ester synthase-III (FAEES-III), previously purified to homogeneity from human heart, metabolizes ethanol nonoxidatively. Using a derived partial amino acid sequence and corresponding oligonucleotide probes, the cDNA for this enzyme has been cloned from a human heart lambda gtll library. Of the five positive clones obtained, one contained a complete coding region (630 base pairs) and the entire 3'-noncoding region (41 base pairs). From this nucleotide sequence the complete 210 amino acid sequence of FAEES-III (Mr 23,307) is reported. Comparison of its amino acid sequence with that of glutathione S-transferase pi-1 suggests that they belong to the same gene family since they differ in only six nucleotides and four amino acids. The sequence of FAEES-III was also compared with those of placental glutathione S-transferase and the basic glutathione S-transferase. FAEES-III was 84% homologous with placental glutathione S-transferase but only less than 10% homologous with the basic glutathione S-transferase. Northern blots demonstrate expression of FAEES-III mRNA in normal human liver, placenta, and heart. In all cases, the mRNA for the enzyme is 0.7 kilobase in size. MCF-7 cells transfected with FAEES-III cDNA have a 14-fold increase in synthase activity and a 12-fold increase in glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity compared with control cells. MCF-7 cells transfected with GST pi-1 cDNA have a 13-fold increase in GST activity compared with control cells but no increase in synthase activity. When the supernatant of COS-7 cells transfected with FAEES-III cDNA were immunoblotted with rabbit FAEES-III antibody, a band at 24 kilodaltons was demonstrated. Thus, we have obtained the first cDNA and amino acid sequence for a human FAEES-III which also has significant GST activity, and we have identified 4 residues potentially responsible for conferring ethanol recognition to GSTs.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities