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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evaluation of carbonic anhydrase isozymes in disorders involving osteopetrosis and/or renal tubular acidosis.

Carbonic anhydrase II (CA II) deficiency in man is an autosomal recessive disorder manifest by osteopetrosis, renal tubular acidosis, and cerebral calcification. Other features include growth failure and mental retardation. Complications of the osteopetrosis include frequent bone fractures, cranial nerve compression symptoms, and dental malocclusion. The anemia and leukopenia seen in the recessive, lethal infantile form of osteopetrosis are not seen in CA II deficient patients. The renal tubular acidosis usually includes both proximal and distal components. Symptoms of metabolic acidosis respond to therapy, but no specific treatment is available for the osteopetrosis or cerebral calcification. We review here the role of carbonic anhydrases in bone resorption and renal acidification, and discuss clinical features and laboratory findings which distinguish CA II deficiency from other disorders producing osteopetrosis, renal tubular acidosis, or brain calcification. Methods to evaluate patients with pure proximal renal tubular acidosis for deficiency of CA IV are also discussed.[1]


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