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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phlebotomy reverses the hemodynamic consequences of thoracic aortic cross-clamping: relationships between central venous pressure and cerebrospinal fluid pressure.

In dogs (n = 11) anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital (to an isoelectric EEG), the authors investigated the influence of thoracic aortic cross-clamping (AXC) on systemic hemodynamics and cerebrospinal fluid pressure ( CSFP) with concurrent measurement of total brain flow (tCBF) and regional (cervical, thoracic, and lumbar) spinal cord blood flow (SCBF). The effect of phlebotomy (to control the hemodynamic consequences of AXC) on tCBF and SCBF was assessed. Radioactive microspheres were injected at four time periods in each animal: 1) at baseline; 2) with application of the AXC; 3) after phlebotomy, to reduce the proximal mean arterial pressure (MAPp) to baseline values; and 4) 2 min after removal of the AXC (mean AXC time 68 +/- 6 min). With application of the AXC, the MAPp, central venous pressure (CVP), and CSFP significantly increased (104 +/- 6 to 156 +/- 6 mmHg, 3.4 +/- 0.4 to 5.2 +/- 0.7 mmHg, and 3.3 +/- 0.7 to 5.2 +/- 0.8 mmHg, respectively), while distal mean aortic pressure (MAPd) significantly decreased (98 +/- 6 to 14 +/- 1 1 mmHg). Phlebotomy (24 +/- 3 significantly decreased MAPp (to 106 +/- 6 mmHg), CVP (to 1.6 +/- 0.6 mmHg), and CSFP (to 1.2 +/- 1.1 mmHg). The CSFP changed in parallel with the changes in CVP, a result suggesting that the alterations in CSFP depended on cardiac preload. The spinal cord perfusion pressure (SCPP; SCPP = MAPd - CSFP) was unchanged after phlebotomy, since both MAPd and CSFP decreased. The tCBF and cervical SCBF were unchanged when MAPp increased by 50% with application of the AXC; this indicated that autoregulation was intact.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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