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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kinetic regulation of yeast NAD-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase by citrate.

The present results suggest that the enzyme modifier citrate and the substrate isocitrate are bound at different sites on yeast NAD-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase and that citrate diminishes the binding of the positive effector 5'-AMP, thereby causing a decreased rate of enzyme catalysis. This interpretation differs from the earlier proposal that citrate can replace isocitrate at an activator site on the enzyme and can cause inhibition by binding at its catalytic site [Atkinson et al. (1965) J. Biol. Chem. 240, 2682]. The present proposal is supported by the following observations: At constant subsaturating levels of isocitrate, NAD+, and Mg2+ without AMP, up to 10 mM citrate was an activator and not an inhibitor. Citrate decreased velocity for AMP-activated enzyme; however, with increasing citrate the specific activity with AMP asymptotically approached but did not decrease below the level of the enzyme maximally activated by citrate in the absence of AMP. When added singly, AMP decreased S0.5 for isocitrate without changing the Hill number (n), whereas citrate lowered n without changing S0.5 for isocitrate. The difference in action of these modifiers indicated that they were bound at separate sites on the enzyme. The binding of citrate appeared to cause a conformational change in the protein that lowered the enzyme's affinity for AMP. This was consistent with the findings that citrate (or the citrate agonist fluorocitrate) (i) resulted in an increase in S0.5 for isocitrate with the AMP-activated enzyme and (ii) decreased binding of the positive effector analogue TNP-AMP as measured by fluorescence change.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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