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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Biosynthesis and regulation of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase and phosphofructokinase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae grown in the presence of glucose and gluconeogenic carbon sources.

The mode of synthesis and the regulation of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (Fbpase), a gluconeogenic enzyme, and phosphofructokinase (PFK), a glycolytic enzyme, were investigated in Saccharomyces cerevisiae after growth in the presence of different concentrations of glucose or various gluconeogenic carbon sources. The activity of FBPase appeared in the cells after the complete disappearance of glucose from the growth medium with a concomitant increase of the pH and no significant change in the levels of accumulated ethanol. The appearance of FBPase activity following glucose depletion was dependent upon the synthesis of protein. The FBPase PFK were present in glucose-, ethanol-, glycerol-, lactate-, or pyruvate-grown cells; however, the time of appearance and the levels of both these enzymes varied. The FBPase activity was always higher in 1% glucose-grown cells than in cells grown in the presence of gluconeogenic carbon sources. Phosphoglucose isomerase activity did not vary significantly. Addition of glucose to an FBPase and PFK synthesizing culture resulted in a complete loss, followed by a reappearance, of PFK activity. In the presence of cycloheximide the disappearance of glucose and the changes in the levels of FBPase and PFK were decreased significantly. It is concluded that S. cerevisiae exhibits a more efficient synthesis of FBPase after the exhaustion of glucose compared to the activity present in cells grown in the presence of exogenous gluconeogenic carbon sources. Two metabolically antagonistic enzymes, FBPase and PFK, are present during the transition phase, but not during the exponential phase, of growth, and the decay or inactivation of these enzymes in vivo may be dependent upon a glucose-induced protease activity.[1]


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