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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ischemia-induced neutrophil activation and diapedesis is lipoxygenase dependent.

Ischemia and reperfusion lead to eicosanoid- and neutrophil (PMN)-dependent injury. This study tests the role of ischemia-induced lipoxygenase activity in mediating PMN activation and diapedesis. Anesthetized rabbits (n = 8) underwent 3 hours of bilateral hindlimb ischemia. At 10 minutes of reperfusion, leukotriene B4 (LTB4) levels in femoral venous effluent were 0.49 +/- 0.05 ng/ml compared with 0.04 +/- 0.07 ng/ml in sham-treated animals (n = 10) (p less than 0.05). Intracellular H2O2 production of circulating PMNs assayed flow cytometrically by dichlorofluorescein (DCF) oxidation, increased from a preischemic value of 74 +/- 14 femtomoles DCF/cell to 135 +/- 8 fmol DCF/cell (p less than 0.05). PMNs were treated with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), 10(-7) mol/L. In contrast to a 162% increase in H2O2 production before ischemia, PMNs at 10 minutes of reperfusion had an enhanced response to PMA of 336% (p less than 0.05). Addition of authentic LTB4 (0.5 ng/ml) to PMN from sham-treated animals led to their activation, manifest by an oxidative burst, 127 +/- 12 fmol DCF/cell, and an enhanced response of 337% to PMA stimulation. To study diapedesis, plasma collected at 10 minutes of reperfusion was introduced into plastic chambers taped atop skin abrasions in rabbits (n = 8). After 3 hours, 1610 +/- 246 PMN/mm3 accumulated and LTB4 levels in blister fluid were 0.83 +/- 0.03 ng/ml, higher than values of 44 +/- 23 PMN/mm3 (p less than 0.05) and 0.04 +/- 0.03 ng LTB4/ml (p less than 0.05) with saline solution and 68 +/- 16 PMN/mm3 (p less than 0.05) and 0.19 +/- 0.02 ng/ml (p less than 0.05) with nonischemic plasma. The introduction of LTB4, 3.3 ng/ml, into the chambers resulted in an accumulation of 536 +/- 352 PMN/mm3 (p less than 0.05). Pretreatment of animals before hindlimb ischemia (n = 5) with the lipoxygenase inhibitor diethylcarbamazine abolished PMN activation (51 +/- 12 fmol DCF/cell) and ischemic plasma-induced diapedesis into the plastic chamber (38 +/- 18 PMN/mm3). Pretreatment of nonischemic animals (n = 13) used for the dermabrasion bioassay with diethylcarbamazine abolished diapedesis into the plastic chambers induced by ischemic plasma (n = 5) (32 +/- 24 PMN/mm3) or LTB4 (n = 3) (36 +/- 28 PMN/mm3). These data indicate that PMN activation after reperfusion of ischemic tissue is mediated by a lipoxygenase product, perhaps LTB4, and that both reperfusion plasma and authentic LTB4 induce diapedesis by stimulating de novo lipoxygenase activity.[1]


  1. Ischemia-induced neutrophil activation and diapedesis is lipoxygenase dependent. Goldman, G., Welbourn, R., Paterson, I.S., Klausner, J.M., Kobzik, L., Valeri, C.R., Shepro, D., Hechtman, H.B. Surgery (1990) [Pubmed]
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