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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lipopolysaccharide and dexamethasone induce mouse mammary tumor proviral gene expression and differentiation in B lymphocytes through distinct regulatory pathways.

Endogenous mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) proviral transcripts are up regulated during the normal course of B-lymphocyte differentiation. We report here that the regulatory mechanisms which lead to increased levels of MMTV transcripts in differentiating, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated normal B cells and in the inducible B-cell lymphoma line CH12 are at least partially distinct from those controlling increases in immunoglobulin and J-chain gene expression. In studies designed to characterize the stimulatory pathways leading to MMTV expression in CH12 cells, we found that stimulation with either LPS or dexamethasone (Dex), a transcriptional activator of MMTV genes, induced not only MMTV expression but also differentiation to antibody secretion. Only Dex-induced and not LPS-induced MMTV expression and differentiation were inhibited by the glucocorticoid antagonist RU486, demonstrating that Dex and LPS stimulate B cells by distinct molecular pathways. Therefore, in B cells, MMTV expression can be regulated via either the conventional hormone receptor-dependent pathway or a hormone receptor-independent pathway. Furthermore, these results suggest that steroid stimulation of B cells can lead to alterations in the expression of other results suggest that steroid stimulation of B cells can lead to alterations in the expression of other steroid-responsive genes that can become involved in the process of B-cell differentiation.[1]


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