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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Prolyl carboxypeptidase regulates energy expenditure and the thyroid axis.

Hypothalamic α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) plays a central role in regulating energy uptake and expenditure. Prolyl carboxypeptidase (PRCP), a protease expressed in the hypothalamus, is responsible for the degradation of α-MSH. PRCP null animals (PRCP(gt/gt) mice) display elevated α-MSH in the hypothalamus, lower body weight, and are protected from diet induced obesity. Here, we report that PRCP(gt/gt) mice have a significant decrease in fat mass, although an increase in lean mass was also observed. In agreement with low fat accumulation, reduced leptin levels were found. Consistent with the effect of α-MSH on energy metabolism, PRCP(gt/gt) mice had increased energy expenditure with elevated circulating thyroid hormone levels and brown adipose tissue uncoupling protein 1 mRNA levels compared with control mice when exposed to regular diet. TRH mRNA levels in the PVN were significantly higher in fed PRCP(gt/gt) animals compared with fed wild-type controls. Fasting significantly decreased TRH mRNA levels in both PRCP(gt/gt) and wild-type (WT) mice. However, TRH mRNA levels in fasted PRCP(gt/gt) animals were significantly higher than those of fasted WT mice. Refeeding analysis after fasting showed a reduced food intake in PRCP(gt/gt) compared with WT mice. Finally, TRH mRNA levels in T(3)-treated hypothyroid PRCP(gt/gt) mice showed a non significant reduction compared with those of hypothyroid PRCP(gt/gt) mice, supporting the impairment of the hypothalamo-pituitary-thyroid axis in PRCP(gt/gt) mice. All together, these data confirm that PRCP plays a role in the regulation of energy metabolism.[1]

References

  1. Prolyl carboxypeptidase regulates energy expenditure and the thyroid axis. Jeong, J.K., Szabo, G., Kelly, K., Diano, S. Endocrinology (2012) [Pubmed]
 
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