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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Autonomous developmental control of human embryonic globin gene switching in transgenic mice.

The mechanisms by which expression of the beta-like globin genes are developmentally regulated are under intense investigation. The temporal control of human embryonic (epsilon) globin expression was analyzed. A 3.7-kilobase (kb) fragment that contained the entire human epsilon-globin gene was linked to a 2.5-kb cassette of the locus control region ( LCR), and the developmental time of expression of this construct was studied in transgenic mice. The human epsilon-globin transgene was expressed in yolk sac-derived primitive erythroid cells, but not in fetal liver or bone marrow-derived definitive erythroid cells. The absence of epsilon gene expression in definitive erythroid cells suggests that the developmental regulation of the epsilon-globin gene depends only on the presence of the LCR and the epsilon-globin gene itself (that is, an autonomous negative control mechanism). The autonomy of epsilon-globin gene developmental control distinguishes it from the competitive mechanism of regulation of gamma and beta-globin genes, and therefore, suggests that at least two distinct mechanisms function in human hemoglobin switching.[1]


  1. Autonomous developmental control of human embryonic globin gene switching in transgenic mice. Raich, N., Enver, T., Nakamoto, B., Josephson, B., Papayannopoulou, T., Stamatoyannopoulos, G. Science (1990) [Pubmed]
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