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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of pyridoxal kinase by methylxanthines.

In the presence of saturating concentrations of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and rate-limiting amounts of pyridoxal, theophylline was found to inhibit sheep brain pyridoxal kinase (EC competitively. The apparent inhibition constant (Ki) of theophylline for pyridoxal kinase was determined as 8.7 mumol/l. Theophylline concentrations of up to 60 mumol/l did not affect pyridoxal phosphorylation in the presence of saturating amounts of pyridoxal and rate-limiting concentrations of ATP. Caffeine was less potent to inhibit pyridoxal kinase (Ki = 45 mumol/l) due to the presence of a methyl group on the 7 position of the xanthine ring structure. Theobromine showed only a weak inhibition of pyridoxal kinase (Ki = 453 mumol/l). The presence of a hydroxyethyl, hydroxypropyl or dihydroxypropyl group on the N7 position of theophylline completely abolished inhibition of pyridoxal kinase. Enprofylline (3-propylxanthine), a recently described bronchodilator, was also able to inhibit pyridoxal kinase with a Ki of 256 mumol/l.[1]


  1. Inhibition of pyridoxal kinase by methylxanthines. Ubbink, J.B., Bissbort, S., Vermaak, W.J., Delport, R. Enzyme (1990) [Pubmed]
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