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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of polyamine oxidase inhibition on the colonic malignant transformation process induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine.

Recent studies of colon adenocarcinomas in humans and experimentally induced colonic tumors in rodents have demonstrated selective elevations in the level of N1-acetylspermidine in these malignant tissues. The exact relationship of these alterations in acetylated polyamine levels to the malignant transformation process, however, remains unclear. In order to clarify this issue, rats were given s.c. injections of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH; 20 mg/kg body wt/week) or diluent for up to 26 weeks. After 10 weeks of carcinogen treatment, one-half of the animals in each group were also concomitantly given i.p. injections of MDL 72527 (20 mg/kg body wt/week), a specific inhibitor of polyamine oxidase, until they were killed. Animals were killed after 15 weeks of DMH treatment and polyamine levels as well as the activities of polyamine oxidase, ornithine decarboxylase and spermidine-N1-acetyltransferase were measured and compared in rat proximal and distal colonic mucosa of each group. Polyamine levels were also assessed in each of these groups after 26 weeks of treatment with this carcinogen +/- MDL 72527. In addition, in view of recent studies that have indicated that polyamines may influence certain oncogenes in human colonic carcinoma cells, tumors from DMH +/- MDL 72527 were analyzed for K-ras mutations. The results of these experiments demonstrated for the first time that: (i) MDL 72527 was a specific inhibitor of polyamine oxidase in normal and malignant colonic tissue; (ii) concomitant administration of this agent with DMH enhanced the elevation of colonic N1-acetylspermidine and significantly reduced the mean colonic tumor burden, as assessed by total tumor area per rat, produced by this carcinogen alone; (iii) analysis of K-ras mutations revealed a similar incidence (62-69%) in adenocarcinomas for both groups (+/- MDL 72527); (iv) however, analysis of the K-ras-mutated and non-mutated tumors revealed that in both carcinogen-treated groups (+/- MDL 72527), tumors with such mutations were smaller than their counterparts without such genetic alterations. Moreover, MDL 72527 reduced the average size of tumors, with and without such mutations, to a similar extent.[1]


  1. Effect of polyamine oxidase inhibition on the colonic malignant transformation process induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine. Halline, A.G., Dudeja, P.K., Jacoby, R.F., Llor, X., Teng, B.B., Chowdhury, L.N., Davidson, N.O., Brasitus, T.A. Carcinogenesis (1990) [Pubmed]
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