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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Islet activating protein inhibits physiological responses evoked by cardiac muscarinic acetylcholine receptors. Role of guanosine triphosphate binding proteins in regulation of potassium permeability.

The involvement of GTP binding proteins in muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) mediated responses of cultured chick embryonic cardiac muscle cells was studied by using islet activating protein ( IAP) from Bordetella pertussis. Incubation of cells for 24 h with IAP resulted in inhibition of subsequent IAP-catalyzed incorporation of [alpha-32P]ADP-ribose into membrane proteins of Mr 39 000 (No alpha) and 41 000 (Ni alpha); treatment of cultures with 5 ng/mL IAP was sufficient to ADP-ribosylate all available No alpha and Ni alpha. Inhibition of forskolin-stimulated cAMP accumulation by the muscarinic agonist carbachol was abolished in cultures pretreated with IAP. The affinity of carbachol for the mAChR in membranes from IAP-treated cells was considerably decreased compared to control membranes and was not further decreased by addition of guanyl-5'-yl imidodiphosphate. In contrast, the affinity of carbachol for the mAChR on intact cells was not affected by pretreatment with IAP. To investigate the involvement of No and/or Ni in mAChR-mediated increases in K+ permeability, the effect of IAP treatment on mAChR stimulation of 86Rb+ efflux was determined. Treatment of cultures with 5 ng/mL IAP for 24 h completely blocked the stimulation of 86Rb+ efflux evoked by carbachol. Because previous work has shown that mAChR regulation of K+ permeability is independent of changes in cAMP levels, these results suggest a role for No and/or Ni in coupling the mAChR directly to K+ channels in the heart.[1]


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