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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A rapid versatile microassay for cellular retinol-binding protein using Lipidex-1000 microcolumns.

A new, rapid and versatile microassay for cellular retinol-binding protein has been developed based on separation of bound and free ligand by means of Lipidex-1000, a hydrophobic Sephadex derivative. This requires quantitative manipulation of retinol in aqueous solution. The tendency of retinol to adhere to glass and plastic surfaces was overcome by addition of the detergent Ammonyx LO, which yields a micellar dispersion. Detergent concentrations up to 10 mM did not interfere with binding of retinol to Lipidex-1000 or binding protein. The binding capacity of Lipidex-1000 was found to exceed 400 nmol of retinol per ml of gel. Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells were used as a source for cRBP (cellular retinol-binding protein). The binding protein is saturated with ligand by incubation for 60 min at room temperature at concentrations of free retinol over 180 nM. Separation of protein-bound retinol from free retinol is achieved via Lipidex-1000: protein-bound (specific and nonspecific) retinol is not retained and is eluted by buffer with the protein fraction. Free retinol is retained by Lipidex and is subsequently recovered by elution with methanol. Total recovery of ligand approaches 100%. Analysis time is about 4 hr for a maximum of ca. 50 samples. Nonspecific protein binding can be determined equally effectively either by incubation with 3 mM PCMBS or by addition of a 100-fold molar excess of nonlabeled retinol.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. A rapid versatile microassay for cellular retinol-binding protein using Lipidex-1000 microcolumns. Timmers, A.M., van Groningen-Luyben, D.A., Daemen, F.J., De Grip, W.J. J. Lipid Res. (1986) [Pubmed]
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