The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of the new vagolytic compound ciclotropium bromide on heart rate and atrial vulnerability.

The effects of the new vagolytic compound alpha-phenylcyclopentane-acetic acid-N-isopropyl-nortropine ester methobromide (ciclotropium bromide) on heart rate and atrial vulnerability were assessed in the animal experiment. Therefore, the comparative effects of atropine (A) and ciclotropium bromide (C) on heart rate (HR) and electrical stimulation thresholds for repetitive atrial extrasystoles ( RET) and fibrillation (AFT) were established in 14 mongrel dogs (BW 20-30 kg, artificial ventilation, piritramide-N2O anaesthesia). AFT and RET were determined using trains of rectangular current pulses (13 single pulses, 2 ms, 200 Hz) applied to the right atrial endocardium via bipolar platinum electrodes during the vulnerable period of atrial excitation, which was determined by scanning of the relative refractory period in steps of 10 ms. A (0.025 mg/kg) caused a small transient increase in the AFT; HR rose from 82 +/- 7 to 138 +/- 10/min. Control values were regained after 30 min. RET did not show any significant change. C (0.25 mg/kg) effected a significant increase in the AFT from 7.7 +/- 2 to 34 +/- 6 mA and in HR from 93 +/- 5 to 148 +/- 6/min. The effects lasted about 2 h. RET was not altered.[1]


  1. Effects of the new vagolytic compound ciclotropium bromide on heart rate and atrial vulnerability. Heuer, H., Frenking, B., Thale, J., Gülker, H., Müller, U.S., Bender, F. Arzneimittel-Forschung. (1986) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities