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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Changes in the tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase cell population in dental follicles and bony crypts of rat molars during tooth eruption.

It was the aim of this study to determine the cellular changes that occur in the enamel organ, dental follicle, and surrounding bony crypt of the rat molar prior to and during tooth eruption. By use of light microscope histochemistry to detect cells containing tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), it was seen that TRAP-positive mononuclear cells were present in the dental follicle prior to the onset of eruption (e.g., three days postnatal age) and then declined in number during eruption. Concurrently, TRAP-positive osteoclasts were initially present in large numbers on the surface of the bony crypts surrounding the molars (three days postnatal age) and then declined in number as eruption progressed. Electron microscopy confirmed that these were mononuclear cells and osteoclasts. The results suggest that the mononuclear cells are either precursors of the osteoclasts or perhaps release cytokines that affect osteoclast formation or activity. Staining for alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity indicated that at an early postnatal age (secretory stage of amelogenesis), ALP was detected only in the stratum intermedium of the enamel organ, whereas at a later age (maturation phase of amelogenesis), it was present only in the ameloblasts. These results, combined with a survey of the literature, strongly suggest that ALP moves from the base of the enamel organ to the enamel itself over a period of time ranging from pre- to post-eruption. Rat molars are teeth of limited eruption, and the cellular events that occur in eruption appear comparable with what is seen in dog and human dentition, especially in terms of the cellular events seen in the dental follicle prior to and during eruption.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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