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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunohistochemical detection of carcinogen-DNA adducts and DNA repair in mouse skin.

4-Hydroxyaminoquinoline 1-oxide (4HAQO) and (+/-)-trans-7,8-dihydroxy-9,10-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene (BP-DE)-DNA adducts were immunohistochemically demonstrated in the nuclei of mouse skin using antibodies directed against carcinogen (4HAQO or BP) modified DNA. The specificity of the immunostaining was confirmed by several tests, including preincubation of the antibody with carcinogen modified DNA or related molecules, and digestion of the sections with DNase. Subcutaneous injection of 4HAQO dissolved in isotonic solution into an isolated portion of the mouse skin clamped off with ring-shaped forceps resulted in dose-dependent generation of DNA adducts in the nuclei of epithelial cells, fibroblasts, and panniculus carnosus cells. BP-DNA adducts could also be similarly detected dose-dependently in the nuclei of skin cells after local application of BP-DE. Nuclear staining was absent in animals injected with isotonic solution alone, and the intensity of staining correlated well with the level of unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) demonstrated autoradiographically after treatment with 4HAQO. Killing of mice at different time points after a single injection of 4HAQO revealed a gradual decrease in the intensity of the staining. Thus the postulated generation and repair of DNA adducts can be followed at the cellular level using the presently described method.[1]


  1. Immunohistochemical detection of carcinogen-DNA adducts and DNA repair in mouse skin. Nakagawa, K., Nakatsuru, Y., Ishikawa, T. J. Invest. Dermatol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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