The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased bioavailability of enzymes of eicosanoid synthesis in hepatic and extrahepatic tissues after portacaval shunting.

Metabolites of arachidonic acid have been attributed to severe circulatory, metabolic and hormonal alterations in patients with chronic liver disease. In order to study changes of the tissue-specific availability of enzymes of eicosanoid synthesis, we used portacaval-shunted rats, as this model exhibits many clinical and biochemical similarities to patients suffering from cirrhosis of the liver. Microsomal mass and maximal velocity of prostaglandin H synthase, the initial enzyme of prostaglandin synthesis, were markedly and permanently increased after shunting in both hepatic and extrahepatic tissues as compared to those of sham-operated rats. Maximal velocity of thromboxane synthase and prostacyclin synthase, two more peripheral enzymes of the arachidonic acid cascade, were tissue-specifically enhanced, whereas the apparent affinities (Km) remained unchanged. Determination of 5-lipoxygenase activity in tissue preparations disclosed a preferential increase in the liver, lung and renal cortex after portacaval shunting. Furthermore, exposure to endotoxin closely mimicked the shunting-induced changes. These results suggest that after portacaval shunting and possibly in patients with advanced liver disease, profound abnormalities at the level of local enzyme expression might play a pathophysiologically important role in the control of eicosanoid synthesis.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities