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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glycosylation of eukaryotic peptide chain initiation factor 2 (eIF-2)-associated 67-kDa polypeptide ( p67) and its possible role in the inhibition of eIF-2 kinase- catalyzed phosphorylation of the eIF-2 alpha-subunit.

We have reported previously that a 67-kDa polypeptide ( p67) present in reticulocyte lysates protects the alpha-subunit of reticulocyte eukaryotic peptide chain initiation factor 2 (eIF-2) from phosphorylation by an eIF-2 kinase, heme-regulated protein synthesis inhibitor (Datta, B., Chakrabarti, D., Roy, A.L., and Gupta, N. K. (1988) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85, 3324-3328). We now present evidence that this p67 contains multiple O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residues, and these glycosyl residues may be required for p67 activity to protect the eIF-2 alpha-subunit from eIF-2 kinase phosphorylation. Our results are as follows. 1) p67 binds specifically to wheat germ agglutinin, and such binding is completely inhibited in the presence of 0.2 M GlcNAc. 2) The binding of p67 to wheat germ agglutinin leads to complete loss of p67 activity to protect the eIF-2 alpha-subunit from eIF-2 kinase phosphorylation. 3) p67 accepts 10-12 [3H]galactose molecules from UDP-[3H]galactose in the presence of galactosyltransferase. This radioactivity is resistant to endo-beta-N-acetylglucosamine F (+ peptide:N-glycosidase F) treatment but is completely lost when the 3H-labeled p67 is treated with sodium borohydride in mild alkali (beta-elimination reaction). These results suggest that p67 contains terminal GlcNAc moieties O-linked to the protein. 4) Upon hexosaminidase treatment, p67 reaction product migrated as a lower molecular mass (Mr approximately 65 kDa) protein in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. 5) A monoclonal antibody (D1) against p67 has been isolated. D1 apparently recognizes a specific GlcNAc-containing peptide epitope in p67 and does not react with hexosaminidase-treated p67. These results suggest that p67 activity in the cell may also be regulated post-transcriptionally by glycosylation of p67 protein.[1]


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