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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Behavioral and neurochemical effects of the serotonin (5-HT)1A receptor ligand spiroxatrine.

The effects of spiroxatrine, a putative antagonist with selectivity for the serotonin (5-HT)1A receptor, were compared with compounds believed to function as agonists at the 5-HT1A receptor. Schedule-controlled responding of pigeons was maintained under a multiple 30-response fixed-ratio (FR), 3-min fixed-interval (FI) schedule or under a schedule in which responding was suppressed by electric shock ("conflict" procedure). Under the multiple schedule, spiroxatrine (0.3-1.0 mg/kg) decreased FR responding but did not affect FI responding; responding was decreased in both schedule components at 3.0 mg/kg. When administered alone, buspirone, a compound believed to produce its anxiolytic effects through 5-HT1A agonist actions, produced effects similar to those of spiroxatrine; in combination, the two drugs produced greater effects than when either was administered alone. As with 5-HT1A agonists such as buspirone and 8-hydroxy-2(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) in the pigeon, spiroxatrine (0.01-1.0 mg/kg) increased punished responding. Spiroxatrine and buspirone were potent inhibitors of [3H]8-OH-DPAT binding to pigeon cerebral membranes with IC50 values in the nM range. Neurochemical analyses of metabolite changes produced by spiroxatrine in pigeon cerebrospinal fluid showed buspirone-like effects, with increases in MHPG, DOPAC and HVA at doses that decreased 5-HIAA levels. Spiroxatrine dose-dependently blocked the behavioral effects of the dopamine agonist piribedil indicating that, like buspirone, it also is a potent dopamine antagonist. Spiroxatrine most likely functions as an agonist at the 5-HT1A receptor. As with buspirone, however, spiroxatrine has a prominent dopamine antagonist component.[1]


  1. Behavioral and neurochemical effects of the serotonin (5-HT)1A receptor ligand spiroxatrine. Barrett, J.E., Hoffmann, S.M., Olmstead, S.N., Foust, M.J., Harrod, C., Weissman, B.A. Psychopharmacology (Berl.) (1989) [Pubmed]
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