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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transcription of yeast COX6, the gene for cytochrome c oxidase subunit VI, is dependent on heme and on the HAP2 gene.

The COX6 gene encodes subunit VI of cytochrome c oxidase. Previously, this gene and its mRNAs were characterized, and its expression has been shown to be subject to glucose repression/derepression. In this study we have examined the effects of heme and the HAP1 (CYP1) and HAP2 genes on the expression of COX6. By quantitating COX6 RNA levels and assaying beta-galactosidase activity in yeast cells carrying COX6-lacZ fusion genes, we have found that COX6 is regulated positively by heme and HAP2, but is unaffected by HAP1. Through 5' deletion analysis we have also found that the effects of heme and HAP2 on COX6 are mediated by sequences between 135 and 590 base pairs upstream of its initiation codon. These findings identify COX6 as the fourth respiratory protein gene that is known to be regulated positively by heme and HAP2. The other three, CYC1, COX4, and COX5a, encode iso-1-cytochrome c, cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV, and an isolog, Va, of cytochrome c oxidase subunit V, respectively. Thus, it appears that the biogenesis of two interacting proteins, cytochrome c and cytochrome c oxidase, in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, are under the control of common factors.[1]


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