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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Y-1 adrenocortical tumor cells contain atrial natriuretic peptide receptors which regulate cyclic nucleotide metabolism and steroidogenesis.

The effects of atrial natriuretic peptide ( ANP) on adrenocortical fasciculata cells were examined in the ACTH-responsive Y-1 mouse adrenocortical tumor cell line. Y-1 cell membranes rapidly bound [125I]ANP, with equilibrium binding (22 C) reached within 45 min. Binding of [125I]ANP was inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by unlabeled ANP and atriopeptin-I (IC50, approximately 1.2 X 10(-9) and 1.6 X 10(-8) M, respectively), but not by C- or N-terminal-deleted ANP fragments, ACTH, or arginine vasopressin (up to 10(-6) M). Scatchard analysis revealed a single class of high affinity binding sites with a Kd of 1.6 X 10(-10) M and a binding capacity of 560 fmol/ mg protein. Photo-affinity labeling demonstrated the specific binding of ANP to two protein entities of 130 and 63 kDa. ANP stimulated both cGMP synthesis and secretion from Y-1 cells (EC50, approximately 3.5 X 10(-9) M). Release of the nucleotide was inhibited by probenecid (IC50, approximately 5 X 10(-5) M). The atrial peptide partially inhibited ACTH-stimulated cAMP formation (IC50, approximately 10(-8) M) and partially antagonized basal and ACTH-stimulated steroidogenesis. The data demonstrate the presence in Y-1 cells of specific and saturable ANP receptors, activation of which leads to changes in cyclic nucleotide metabolism and inhibition of steroidogenesis.[1]


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