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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Synthesis of pyrene derivatives of cerebroside sulfate and their use for determining arylsulfatase A activity.

Two fluorescent derivatives of cerebroside sulfate ('sulfatide') have been synthesized and used as substrates for determining arylsulfatase A activity. These were 12-(1-pyrene)dodecanoyl cerebroside sulfate (P12-sulfatide) and 12(1-pyrenesulfonylamido)dodecanoyl cerebroside sulfate (PSA12-sulfatide). When incubated at pH 5.0 in the presence of 5 mM MnCl2 and 5.5 mM of taurodeoxycholate, either substrate was hydrolyzed by arylsulfatase A of human leukocytes. The rate of hydrolysis was proportional to the incubation time and concentration of enzyme; Michaelis-Menten type kinetics were observed with increasing concentrations of substrate. For determining the rate of hydrolysis, each of the two products (i.e., P12- and PSA12-cerebrosides) were separated from the bulk of respective unreacted sulfatide on small columns of DEAE-Sephadex A-25 and their fluorescence intensities read at 343-378 and 350-380 nm for the excitation and emission wavelengths for P12- and PSA12-cerebrosides, respectively. When extracts of skin fibroblasts derived from normal individuals and patients with Maroteaux-Lamy (lacking arylsulfatase B) or metachromatic leukodystrophy (lacking arylsulfatase A) were used as source of enzyme, P12-sulfatide was hydrolyzed by the former two but not by the latter cell extract. Several derivatives of cerebroside sulfate were also synthesized and found to inhibit the hydrolysis of pyrenesulfatide by leukocyte arylsulfatase A. The results demonstrate that these two pyrene containing sulfatides can be effectively used as specific substrates for the determination of arylsulfatase A activity in extract of cells and most probably also of tissues.[1]


  1. Synthesis of pyrene derivatives of cerebroside sulfate and their use for determining arylsulfatase A activity. Marchesini, S., Viani, P., Cestaro, B., Gatt, S. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1989) [Pubmed]
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