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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Biochemical and pharmacological characterization of ICI 198,615: a peptide leukotriene receptor antagonist.

ICI 198,615 is one representative of a new chemical class of peptide leukotriene receptor antagonists that are the most potent and selective described to date. ICI 198,615 antagonized LTC4-, LTD4- and LTE4-induced increases in cutaneous vascular permeability in the guinea pig, with i.v. ED50 values of 0.083, 0.11 and 0.067 mumol/kg, respectively. Against LTD4, ICI 198,615 was 615 and 415 times more potent than LY 171883 and FPL 55712, respectively. L-Serine borate, an inhibitor of the metabolism of LTC4 to LTD4, did not influence the antagonism by ICI 198,615 of LTC4-induced increases in cutaneous vascular permeability. The compound both inhibited and reversed aerosol ovalbumin antigen-induced increases in pulmonary resistance in passively sensitized guinea pigs, but demonstrated little ability to inhibit or reverse ovalbumin antigen-induced decreases in dynamic lung compliance. At concentrations ranging from 10(-8) to 10(-5) M, ICI 198,615 had no significant effect on either the spontaneous or ovalbumin antigen-induced release of histamine, peptide leukotrienes, thromboxane B2 or 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha from chopped guinea pig lung. At 10 microM, the compound did not inhibit 5-, 12- or 15-lipoxygenase. Finally, ICI 198,615 antagonized LTD4-induced increases in TxB2 release from chopped guinea-pig lung.[1]


  1. Biochemical and pharmacological characterization of ICI 198,615: a peptide leukotriene receptor antagonist. Krell, R.D., Kusner, E.J., Aharony, D., Giles, R.E. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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