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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Intramyelinic conversion of cerebrosides into acylgalactosylceramides.

Acylgalactosylceramide (AGC) synthesis was measured in vivo, and in a cell free system. 24 hours post-injection of [3H] palmitic acid into rat brain, more than 60% of the AGC radioactivity was associated with an ester linkage. Isolated rat myelin was incubated in the presence of [14C] palmitic acid, 2mM ATP, 50 microM CoA and 10 mM MgCl2 and acylation of myelin cerebrosides occurred at a linear rate for at least 60 min. Incubation of isolated myelin under standard conditions with [3H] cerebrosides and [14C] palmitic acid produced double labeled AGC. Labeling of AGC was maximum at pH 7.5 and 37 degrees C and appeared to be enzyme mediated inasmuch as it was reduced by myelin incubation with trypsin and drastically reduced by preheating the myelin for 5 min at 80 degrees C. Omission of ATP, CoA, MgCl2 or all three did not reduce fatty acid incorporation into AGC when compared to the values in the complete system. Addition of Triton X100 or Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate had little or no effect on the acylation of cerebrosides. Pulse chase experiments indicated that the reaction involved the net addition of fatty acid to the cerebrosides, rather than a rapid fatty acid exchange.[1]


  1. Intramyelinic conversion of cerebrosides into acylgalactosylceramides. Theret, N., Bourre, J.M., Fruchart, J.C., Delbart, C. Neurochem. Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
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