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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antigenic modulation induced by four monoclonal antibodies adsorbed on gold particles (specificity anti-CD4, anti-CD5, anti-CD7, and anti-150-kDa antigen): relationship between modulation and cytotoxic activity of immunotoxins.

The present study concerns the antibody-induced antigenic modulation of CD4, CD5, CD7, and 150-kDa antigens present on cells of the CCRF-CEM human T line. The immunogold electron microscopy method was used, and it was found that the entry routes associated with the various antigen-antibody complexes were different. Thus, the anti-CD7 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) was frequently internalized via the coated structures of the cell membrane, whereas anti-CD5 MoAb was rarely internalized via those structures and anti-CD4 and anti-150-kDa antigens never used this route. The delay required for 50% internalization of the labeled MoAb-receptor complexes was 30 min. 1 h, 2 h, and 9 h for anti-CD7, anti-CD5, anti-CD4, and anti-150-kDa antigen MoAbs, respectively. A shedding of complexes from the cell surface was never observed. The internalized labeled MoAbs were sequentially transferred into endocytic vacuoles, then into fine anastomosed tubulovesicular structures, and then into lysosomes. However, the anti-150-kDa antigen MoAb proceeded directly from endocytic vacuoles to lysosomes. Among the four MoAbs studied, anti-CD7 MoAb was the most abundant in the endosomal compartment (up to 34% of internalized particles) before it proceeded to the lysosomes. The overall valency of the anti-CD7 MoAb-labeled beads (from 3.8 to 14 MoAb molecules per bead) did not modify the intracellular routing. These results suggested that the subcellular fate of MoAbs was an intrinsic property of each MoAb-antigen complex. More importantly, the comparison between the MoAb-induced modulation and the cytotoxic level of the immunotoxin built with the same MoAb suggested that receptor-mediated endocytosis via coated pits, along with an abundant occurrence of the antigen-MoAb complex within the endosomal complex, could correspond to the best set of conditions for the transfer of the toxin moiety of the immunotoxin to the cytosol.[1]


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