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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibitory effects of DF 594, a new antispasmodic agent, on intestinal motility in the dog.

DF 594, 11-(N-methylnipecotyl)-6,11-dihydro-5H-pyrido[2,3-b]-1,5-benzod iazepin-5-one hydrochloride, is a new antimuscarinic compound endowed with high affinity for intestinal muscarinic receptors and showing potent inhibitory effects on intestinal motility. This study investigated the intestinal motor effects of DF 594 in fasting, conscious dogs, chronically fitted with electrodes and strain gauges along the small bowel. In a first series of experiments, we assessed the antispasmodic activity of the compound by comparing the ability of intravenous DF 594 or atropine to antagonize the stimulatory effect of bethanechol (100 micrograms/kg s.c.). ED50 values for inhibition of bethanechol-stimulated contractions were 13.9 (8.8-21.8) and 4.0 (1.8-8.7) micrograms/kg for DF 594 and atropine, respectively. In a second series of experiments, we evaluated the effects of intravenous DF 594 and atropine on the migrating motor complex (MMC), monitoring heart rate as well. Similarly to atropine (30-100 micrograms/kg), DF 594 (100-300 micrograms/kg) blocked the further migration of an ongoing MMC and significantly delayed the onset of the following MMC. Unlike atropine, DF 594 had only a minor effect on heart rate at the highest dose tested (300 micrograms/kg). These data indicate that DF 594 is an effective antispasmodic agent at doses lower than those required to interfere with the MMC and is also less likely than atropine to induce cardiac side effects.[1]


  1. Inhibitory effects of DF 594, a new antispasmodic agent, on intestinal motility in the dog. De Ponti, F., Ambrosoli, L., Borsa, M., D'Angelo, L., Frigo, G.M., Crema, A. Pharmacology (1989) [Pubmed]
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