The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nonsteroidal antiestrogen inhibition of protein kinase C in human corpus luteum and placenta.

These studies were undertaken to determine whether nonsteroidal antiestrogens would inhibit the calcium/lipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C) activity in hormonally-responsive human reproductive tissues. Cytosol was prepared from human corpus luteum and term placenta. Protein kinase C activity was examined with various antiestrogens, estrogens, and catecholestrogens. The nonsteroidal antiestrogens tamoxifen, clomiphene and Z-4-hydroxytamoxifen inhibited protein kinase C in cytosol from human corpora lutea and placentae in a concentration-dependent manner. The IC50 values were 35-45 microM for tamoxifen, 58-66 microM for clomiphene, and 88 microM for hydroxytamoxifen. Protein kinase C purified 600-fold from human placenta was also inhibited by tamoxifen. The estrogens, estradiol and diethylstilbestrol (DES), and the catecholestrogens, 2-hydroxyestradiol and 4-hydroxyestradiol, had no effect on protein kinase C activity, nor were they able to prevent the inhibition of protein kinase C by the antiestrogens. Inhibition of the enzyme by the antiestrogens was competitive with phosphatidylserine and 1,2-diolein. In addition, tamoxifen inhibited enzyme activity stimulated by the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA). The data suggest that the action of these antiestrogens on protein kinase C was a direct inhibition of the enzyme. Furthermore, the site of interaction showed markedly different structural specificity from that of the estrogen receptor.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities