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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional analysis of the regulatory region adjacent to the cargB gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nucleotide sequence, gene fusion experiments and cis-dominant regulatory mutation analysis.

In Saccharomyces cerevisiae the expression of the cargB gene (coding for ornithine aminotransferase) is submitted to dual regulation: an induction by allophanate and a specific induction process by arginine. We have determined the nucleotide sequence of the cargB gene along with its 5' region. The coding portion of the gene encodes a protein of 423 amino acid residues with a calculated Mr value of 46049. To characterize further the regulatory mechanisms modulating the expression of the gene we have analyzed fusions of several fragments of the 5' non-coding region to lacZ, compared the 5' sequences of the cargA (coding for arginase) and cargB coregulated genes and determined the nature of two constitutive cis-dominant mutations affecting the arginine control. These approaches allowed us to define three domains in the 5' non-coding region. The upstream one is implicated in the induction by allophanate. The two other domains are involved in the specific control by arginine; the target of the ARGR gene products, that mediate a positive regulation by arginine, lies upstream of another site where a repression by the CARGRI molecule occurs. The constitutive cargB+O- mutations are located in this repressor domain. The 5' non-coding region of cargA presents the same two-domain organization. These two domains contain three sequences homologous to the cargA and cargB 5' regions.[1]


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