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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Complete amino acid sequence of rat liver 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase.

The complete amino acid sequence of 6-phospho-fructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase from rat liver was determined by direct analysis of the S-carboxamidomethyl protein. A complete set of nonoverlapping peptides was produced by cleavage with a combination of cyanogen bromide and specific proteolytic enzymes. The active enzyme is a dimer of two identical polypeptide chains composed of 470 amino acids each. The NH2-terminal amino acid residue of the polypeptide chain was shown to be N-acetylserine by fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry of the purified N-terminal tetradecapeptide isolated after cleavage of the intact S-carboxamidomethylated protein with lysyl endoproteinase (Achromobacter protease I). Alignment of the set of unique peptides was accomplished by the analysis of selected overlapping peptides generated by proteolytic cleavage of the intact protein and the larger purified cyanogen bromide peptides with trypsin, Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease, and lysyl endoproteinase. Four nonoverlapping peptides were aligned by comparison with the amino acid sequence predicted from a partial cDNA clone encoding amino acid positions 166-470 of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (Colosia, A.D., Lively, M., El-Maghrabi, M. R., and Pilkis, S. J. (1987) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 143, 1092-1098). The nucleotide sequence of the cDNA corroborated the peptide sequence determined by direct methods. A search of the Protein Identification Resource protein sequence database revealed that the overall amino acid sequence appears to be unique since no obviously homologous sequences were identified. However, a 100-residue segment of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (residues 250-349), including the active site histidine residue of the bisphosphatase domain, was found to be homologous to the active site regions of yeast phosphoglycerate mutase and human bisphosphoglycerate mutase.[1]


  1. Complete amino acid sequence of rat liver 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase. Lively, M.O., el-Maghrabi, M.R., Pilkis, J., D'Angelo, G., Colosia, A.D., Ciavola, J.A., Fraser, B.A., Pilkis, S.J. J. Biol. Chem. (1988) [Pubmed]
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