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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition and derivatization of the renal Na,K-ATPase by dihydro-4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonate.

Treatment of purified renal Na,K-ATPase with dihydro-4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonate (H2DIDS) produces both reversible and irreversible inhibition of the enzyme activity. The reversible inhibition is unaffected by the presence of saturating concentrations of the sodium pump ligands Na+,K+, Mg2+, and ATP, while the inactivation is prevented by either ATP or K+. The kinetics of protection against inactivation indicate that K+ binds to two sites on the enzyme with very different affinities. Na+ ions with high affinity facilitate the inactivation by H2DIDS and prevent the protective effect of K+ ions. The H2DIDS-inactivated enzyme no longer exhibits a high-affinity nucleotide binding site, and the covalent binding of fluorescein isothiocyanate is also greatly reduced, but phosphorylation by Pi is unaffected. The kinetics of inactivation by H2DIDS were first order with respect to time and H2DIDS concentration. The enzyme is completely inactivated by the covalent binding of one H2DIDS molecule at pH 9 per enzyme phosphorylation site, or two H2DIDS molecules at pH 7. 2. H2DIDS binds exclusively to the alpha-subunit of the Na,K-ATPase, locking the enzyme in an E2-like conformation. The profile of radioactivity, following trypsinolysis and SDS-PAGE, showed H2DIDS attachment to a 52-kDa fragment which also contains the ATP binding site. These results suggest that H2DIDS treatment modifies a specific conformationally sensitive amino acid residue on the alpha-subunit of the Na,K-ATPase, resulting in the loss of nucleotide binding and enzymatic activity.[1]


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