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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ocular hypotension in the rabbit. Receptor mechanisms of pirbuterol and nylidrin.

Pirbuterol and nylidrin, both purported sympathomimetic amines, reduced intraocular pressure (IOP) when given topically (50 microliter, 0.1%) to albino rabbits. Pirbuterol increased the cyclic-AMP concentration in aqueous humor by a factor of 3.25, while nylidrin had no effect on aqueous cyclic-AMP nor on adenylate cyclase activity of iris-ciliary body membranes assayed in vitro. Studies of the receptor affinity of pirbuterol, timolol and nylidrin were carried out on iris-ciliary body membranes by competition binding with radioactive ligands. Four ligands were used that appear to label separate subpopulations of adrenergic receptors; dihydroalprenolol (beta-receptors), WB-4101 (alpha 1-receptors) prazosin (alpha 1-receptor subpopulation) and yohimbine (alpha 2-receptors). Pirbuterol and timolol showed exclusive selectivity for beta-receptors with high affinities (Kd 12.6 and 0.48 nM, respectively) compared with other adrenergic receptor populations in iris-ciliary body. Nylidrin had high affinities for beta-receptors (Kd 22 nM) and for the subpopulation of alpha 1-receptors labelled by prazosin (Kd 6.5 nM), but showed 100-fold lower affinity and complex binding characteristics to the two other classes of alpha-adrenergic receptor sites labelled by WB-4101 and yohimbine, respectively. The results show that pirbuterol and timolol are highly beta-receptor selective and that hypotensive responses to these drugs are not mediated by the other classes of alpha-adrenergic receptor determined in this study. However, the hypotensive response to nylidrin may be related to its prazosin-like (alpha 1-receptor) antagonist properties with additional activity at beta-receptors.[1]


  1. Ocular hypotension in the rabbit. Receptor mechanisms of pirbuterol and nylidrin. Mittag, T.W., Tormay, A., Messenger, M., Podos, S.M. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1985) [Pubmed]
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