The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Glutathione conjugates of 2-bromohydroquinone are nephrotoxic.

Incubation of either o-bromophenol or 2-bromohydroquinone with rat liver microsomes and 0.25 mM 35S-glutathione (GSH) gave rise to several isomeric 35S-GSH conjugates. A mixture of these isomeric GSH conjugates was prepared chemically and two were purified by HPLC; 1H-NMR spectroscopy revealed that one was 2-bromo-3-(glutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone and the other was a disubstituted GSH conjugate which could be either 2-bromo-3,5-(diglutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone or 2-bromo-3,6-(diglutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone. Injection of the disubstituted GSH conjugate intravenously to rats caused substantial elevations in blood urea nitrogen levels. Treatment of rats with AT-125 (Acivicin; NSC 163501; 10 mg/kg ip) caused a substantial inhibition of kidney gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity and decreased 2-bromohydroquinone-mediated elevations in blood urea nitrogen. These findings are consistent with the view that the kidney necrosis observed after administration of either bromobenzene (1), o-bromophenol (2), or 2-bromohydroquinone (3) might be due in part to 2-bromohydroquinone GSH conjugates formed in the liver and subsequently transported to the kidney and converted to ultimate nephrotoxic metabolite(s).[1]

References

  1. Glutathione conjugates of 2-bromohydroquinone are nephrotoxic. Monks, T.J., Lau, S.S., Highet, R.J., Gillette, J.R. Drug Metab. Dispos. (1985) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities