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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pertussis toxin blocks the inhibitory effects of somatostatin on cAMP-dependent vasoactive intestinal peptide and cAMP-independent thyrotropin releasing hormone- stimulated prolactin secretion of GH3 cells.

It was shown that somatostatin (SRIF) inhibited cAMP-dependent vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-stimulated prolactin (PRL) release by a GH3 clonal strain of rat pituitary tumor cells and decreased basal PRL secretion and inhibited PRL release in response to thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) whose action was independent of prior synthesis of cAMP. Pretreatment of these cells with pertussis toxin prevented SRIF's inhibitory effects on basal and TRH-stimulated hormone secretion as well as its VIP-stimulated responses. The blockade of SRIF's inhibitory effect on the actions of TRH or VIP was dependent on both the duration of preincubation and concentration of the toxin and was correlated with the ability of the toxin to catalyze the ADP-ribosylation of the 39,000-Da membrane protein. It is likely that this pertussis toxin substrate is involved in signal transduction of SRIF on cAMP-dependent actions of VIP and cAMP-independent action of TRH. However, the mechanism of SRIF's action on TRH is not clear, since SRIF did not affect the intracellular responses by TRH, neither intracellular Ca2+ mobilization nor the increase of 1,2-diacylglycerol formation following the breakdown of polyphosphoinositides.[1]


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