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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of the calcium-channel agonist CGP 28392 on insulin secretion from isolated rat islets of Langerhans.

The rate of insulin secretion from isolated rat islets of Langerhans was affected by a number of dihydropyridine derivatives known to interact with voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels in excitable cells. The channel antagonists nifedipine and nitrendipine were potent inhibitors of glucose-induced insulin secretion in response to both 8 mM- and 20 mM-glucose, although they did not lower the basal secretion rate observed in the presence of 4 mM-glucose. The Ca2+-channel agonist, CGP 28392, also failed to alter the basal rate of insulin secretion. In the presence of 8 mM-glucose, however, 1 microM-CGP 28392 enhanced the insulin-secretion rate to a value approximately double that with 8 mM-glucose alone. This effect was dose-dependent, with half the maximal response elicited by 0.1 microM-CGP 28392, and full enhancement at 10 microM. The response was rapid in onset, with an increase in insulin secretion evident within 2 min of CGP 28392 infusion in perifused islets. Stimulation of insulin secretion by CGP 28392 was correlated with a rapid enhancement of glucose-stimulated 45Ca2+ uptake into islets cells, and with a transiently increased rate of 45Ca2+ efflux from pre-loaded islets. Stimulation of insulin secretion by CGP 28392 was abolished in the presence of noradrenaline, although under these conditions the rapid stimulation of 45Ca2+ influx induced by CGP 28392 was only partially inhibited. In contrast with these results, when islets were incubated in the presence of 20 mM-glucose, CGP 28392 caused a dose-dependent inhibition of insulin secretion. Half-maximal inhibition required approx. 0.2 microM-CGP 28392, with maximal effects observed at 10 microM. Under these conditions, however, the extent of insulin secretion was still only decreased by about 50%, to a value which was similar to that seen in the presence of 8 mM-glucose and CGP 28392. These results suggest that dihydropyridine derivatives can alter the activity of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels in islet cells, and are consistent with the possibility that gating of these channels plays an important role in regulating the rate of insulin secretion after glucose stimulation.[1]


  1. Effects of the calcium-channel agonist CGP 28392 on insulin secretion from isolated rat islets of Langerhans. Morgan, N.G., Short, C.D., Rumford, G.M., Montague, W. Biochem. J. (1985) [Pubmed]
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