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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cytoplasmic 5'-nucleotidase catalyzes acyclovir phosphorylation.

A cytoplasmic 5'-nucleotidase (EC can catalyze the phosphorylation of inosine (Worku, Y., and Newby, A.C. (1982) Biochem. J. 205, 503-510). This enzyme was purified to determine whether it could catalyze the formation of trace levels of phosphorylated acyclovir (ACV), a nucleoside analog with antiherpes activity. Acyclovir phosphorylating activity from rat liver co-chromatographed with the enzyme throughout the 1200-fold purification and through size exclusion chromatography or polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis. In addition, the pH optimum, ATP stimulation, and phosphate inhibition of the ACV phosphorylating activity paralleled those of the 5'-nucleotidase. Finally, ACV phosphorylation was competitively inhibited by inosine ( Kis = 6.5 mM; K'm (inosine) = 5.0 mM). This was consistent with phosphorylation at a common catalytic site. In addition to inosine and ACV, the guanine derivatives Guo, dGuo, 9-beta-D-arabinofuranosylguanine, and 9-(1,3-dihydroxy-2-propoxymethyl)guanine were substrates for the enzyme. The relative phosphorylation rates were, respectively, 100, 0.7, 19, 4, 0.3, and 0.7, at 0.1 mM phosphate acceptor. Approximate K'm values were, respectively, 5, 90, 10, 10, greater than 100, and greater than 100 mM. Although the substrate activity of ACV with the 5'-nucleotidase was inefficient, it appeared to be sufficient to account for the small amounts of ACV phosphates formed in uninfected cells.[1]


  1. Cytoplasmic 5'-nucleotidase catalyzes acyclovir phosphorylation. Keller, P.M., McKee, S.A., Fyfe, J.A. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
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