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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mitochondrial adenylate kinase (AK2) from bovine heart. The complete primary structure.

The sequence analysis of adenylate kinase isoenzyme 2 (AK2) was completed using a gas-phase sequencer constructed in our laboratory. The enzyme contains 238 amino acid residues in the following order: (sequence; see text) The four cysteine residues of AK2 were reinvestigated. Cys-41 and Cys-233 contain free thiols, which can be carboxymethylated in the intact protein without loss of enzymic activity. Chemical and model-building studies suggest that the pair Cys-43/Cys-93 forms a disulfide in native AK2. The relative molecular mass of AK2, as deduced from the sequence, is 26104. Other methods, including titration of -SH groups, sedimentation equilibrium ultracentrifugation and gel filtration yielded Mr values in the range from 26 000 to 31 500, each value depending on the respective method of determination. Bovine heart AK2 contains 44 residues more than the homologous isoenzyme AK1 (myokinase). As all but one single insertions and deletions cancel, the higher Mr of AK2 is due to 9 residues preceding the N terminus of AK1, a stretch of 30 residues in the middle of the molecule and 6 residues at the end. AK2 and AK1 are similar in their active-site geometry. In contrast, AK2 does not possess any of the three antigenic sites of AK1, which is consistent with the lack of immunological cross-reactivity between AK1 and AK2.[1]


  1. Mitochondrial adenylate kinase (AK2) from bovine heart. The complete primary structure. Frank, R., Trosin, M., Tomasselli, A.G., Noda, L., Krauth-Siegel, R.L., Schirmer, R.H. Eur. J. Biochem. (1986) [Pubmed]
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