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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Effect of acrylamide and related compounds on glycolytic enzymes in rat sciatic nerve in vivo.

The effect of acrylamide and six analogues on glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase ( GAPDH) and enolase in sciatic nerve was examined in rats after their prolonged administration in drinking water. After 15 days' treatment with acrylamide and N-isopropylacrylamide, slight signs of peripheral neuropathy were produced with no changes in the activity of either enzyme. N,N-dimethylacrylamide, a non-neurotoxic analogue, produced only body weight loss at this stage. After 30 days' treatment, acrylamide and N-isopropylacrylamide produced moderate signs of neuropathy, but no changes in enzyme activity. N,N-dimethylacrylamide produced a reduction in GAPDH activity as well as body weight loss. After 45 days' treatment, acrylamide, N-isopropylacrylamide, N-hydroxymethylacrylamide and N-methylacrylamide produced severe signs of neuropathy as well as body weight loss. All these analogues also produced a reduction in the two enzyme activities, except for enolase after N-isopropylacrylamide. N,N-dimethylacrylamide produced inhibition of GAPDH as well as body weight loss without neuropathy. N-tert-butylacrylamide and N,N'-methylene-bis-acrylamide induced neither neuropathy nor inhibition of either enzyme.[1]

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