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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and some characteristics of nitrous oxide reductase from Paracoccus denitrificans.

Nitrous oxide reductase from the denitrifying bacterium Paracoccus denitrificans has been purified very nearly to homogeneity by an anaerobic procedure that results in a product with high specific activity. The enzyme is a dimer of about Mr 144,000 composed of two subunits of apparently equal Mr and contains 4 mol of Cu per mol of subunit. The isoelectric point is 4.3; specific activity at 25 degrees C, pH 7.1, is 122 mumol X min-1 X mg of protein-1; and Km is about 7 microM N2O under the same conditions. The N2O- and O2-oxidized forms of the enzyme had principal absorption bands at 550 and 820 nm; the dithionite-reduced form, at 650 nm. The extinction coefficient at 550 nm for the oxidized enzyme is about 5300 (M subunit)-1 X cm-1. Ferricyanide-oxidized enzyme and enzyme exposed to O2 for a couple of days at 4 degrees C exhibited additional bands at 480, 620, and 780 nm and had very low specific activities. Cu-EPR signals were observed with oxidized and reduced forms of the enzyme with g perpendicular values at 2.042 and 2.055, respectively. The O2-oxidized enzyme had g parallel and A parallel values of about 2.244 and 35 gauss, respectively, based on the observation of four hyperfine lines in the g parallel region. The enzyme may therefore contain at least one Cu atom approximating the "Type 1" class. Spin counts against Cu-EDTA standards suggest that 20-30% of the enzyme-bound Cu is EPR detectable in the O2-oxidized enzyme and 7-15% in the enzyme as prepared and in the reduced enzyme. Much of the Cu thus appears to be EPR silent. Nitrous oxide reductase was observed to undergo turnover-dependent inactivation, and nitrite and fluoride among other anions were found to accelerate this process. In a number of characteristics, the enzyme resembles nitrous oxide reductase recently purified from Pseudomonas perfectomarina and Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides, particularly the former. Some differences appear related to whether or not purification is carried out entirely under anaerobic conditions.[1]


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