The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of stimulation of muscarinic and of beta-catecholamine receptors on the intracellular distribution of protein kinase C in guinea pig exocrine glands.

Stimulation of exocrine cells via muscarinic receptors is associated with an activation of protein kinase C [Padel & Söling (1985) Eur. J. Biochem. 151, 1-10]. We show here that stimulation of isolated parotid gland lobules with 8 X 10(-6) M-carbamoylcholine leads to a translocation of protein kinase C from the cytosolic to the particulate compartment within 30 s (25% and 45% of total activity recovered in the particulate fraction of controls and stimulated samples respectively). The specific enzyme activity in the particulate fraction increased to 169% of the corresponding control value. After 10 min the changes started to reverse and, after 30 min, cytosolic protein kinase C was higher in stimulated than in unstimulated lobules. Isoproterenol (2 X 10(-5) M) stimulated the release of amylase more than did carbamoylcholine, but did not significantly affect intracellular distribution of protein kinase C during the observation time of 30 min. In isolated pancreatic lobules a significant carbamoylcholine-mediated translocation of protein kinase C into the particulate fraction could be observed after 5 and 20 min, but not after 1 min. After 5 min the specific enzyme activity in the particulate fraction had increased to 153% of the corresponding controls. The corresponding decrease (-38%) in the specific enzymic activity of cytosolic protein kinase C stayed constant up to 30 min. In isolated parotid gland lobules alpha-amylase secretion proceeded at a linear rate already during the first 1 min of stimulation, whereas in pancreatic lobules a measurable rate of alpha-amylase secretion did not occur before 5 min. These differences in time course paralleled the differences in the onset of translocation of protein kinase C. The results support a direct involvement of protein kinase C in carbamoylcholine-mediated but not in isoproterenol-mediated stimulation of exocytosis in exocrine cells.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities