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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endoscopic sclerotherapy versus medical treatment for bleeding esophageal varices in patients with schistosomal liver disease.

A prospective controlled trial was conducted at Ain-Shams and Benha University Hospitals. One-hundred and eighteen chronic liver disease patients, mostly schistosomal in origin and presenting with recent proven variceal hemorrhage, were randomly allocated to injection sclerotherapy or medical therapy. The follow-up period extended to 21 months. Sixty-three patients received injection sclerotherapy using ethanolamine oleate (5% wt/vol) paravariceally while 55 received medical treatment in the form of general resuscitative measures, blood transfusion, vasopressin intravenous drip, and insertion of a Sengstaken-Blakemore tube if bleeding continued. The first 30-day mortality was 7 (11%) in the injection sclerotherapy group compared with 11 (20%) in the medical treatment group. This difference was not statistically significant. During the entire observation period 9 (14.3%) died in the sclerosed group and 16 (29%) died in the medically treated group, and this difference was statistically significant at the 5% level. Comparison of recurrent bleeding among both groups revealed that the difference was statistically not significant. It was concluded that injection sclerotherapy was no better than medical treatment in the control of acute variceal bleeding, but injection sclerotherapy did increase significantly long-term survival of sclerosed patients.[1]


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