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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Uncoupling of the induction of mutations and sister-chromatid exchanges by the replication of 5-bromouracil-substituted DNA.

The REP mutagenesis protocol, which involves the replication of 5-bromouracil (BrUra)-substituted DNA in the presence of deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate (dNTP) pool imbalance, has been shown to induce both mutations and sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. However, when a Syrian hamster melanoma-derived cell line, called 2E, which was selected for its ability to replace all of the thymine residues in DNA with BrUra, was subjected to the REP mutagenesis protocol, the correlation between the induction of mutations and SCEs was no longer observed. The 2E cells were found to be much more sensitive to the induction of mutations by REP mutagenesis than were the CHO cells. This increased sensitivity to REP mutagenesis was found to correlate with increased perturbations of the dNTP pools that have been shown to be involved in the mutagenic mechanism of this protocol. In contrast, when the induction of SCEs by the REP protocol was measured, it was found that although a baseline level of SCEs was detected in 2E cells, no significant induction of SCEs due to dNTP pool perturbation was observed. It was shown that high levels of SCEs were readily induced in 2E cells by other agents, e.g. mitomycin C. A model, which discusses the fate of mismatched bases thought to be generated by the REP mutagenesis protocol as the determining factor for the induction of mutations of SCEs, is proposed to explain the uncoupling of mutagenesis and SCE induction in 2E cells.[1]


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