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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Rearrangement of the c-myc oncogene with heavy-chain immunoglobulin enhancer in tumor DNA from an acute lymphoblastic leukemia patient.

The DNA obtained from the leukemia cells of an acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL, L3 type) with a pre-B-phenotype and a typical t(8;14) chromosomal translocation showed a rearrangement juxtaposing the c-myc gene and the immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy-chain gene enhancer. This abnormality was only present in the leukemia cells of the patient and correlated with the clinical course of the disease. The breakpoint on chromosome 8 occurred within c-myc intron 1, between 790 and 638 base pairs upstream of c-myc exon 2. This breakpoint position was the nearest to the c-myc exon 2 so far described in Burkitt's type lymphoma-leukemias, and it mapped very near to the location of a major cryptic promoter used by truncated c-myc genes. In spite of what was detected in a human lymphoma cell line (Manca) carrying a similar rearrangement, in this case the amount of c-myc transcript was not increased compared to an Epstein-Barr virus-transformed normal lymphoblastoid cell line obtained from the same patient. This may in part be due to the breakpoint position and to the fact that the efficiency of the major cryptic promoter present within the first intron could have been affected by the translocation event. Finally, as previously suggested by others, the phenotype expressed by the leukemia cells supported the notion that this particular type of rearrangement (linking together the c-myc gene and the Ig heavy-chain gene enhancer element) may be associated with a subgroup of B-ALLs showing an immunologic phenotype relatively more immature than that of classical B-ALL.[1]


  1. Rearrangement of the c-myc oncogene with heavy-chain immunoglobulin enhancer in tumor DNA from an acute lymphoblastic leukemia patient. Guerrasio, A., Avanzi, G.C., Pegoraro, L., Estivill, X., Serra, A., Giubellino, M.C., Fierro, M.T., Novarino, A., Foa, R., Saglio, G. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1987) [Pubmed]
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