The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Extracellular matrix of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells contains functionally active type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor.

The extracellular matrix (ECM) of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEs) was analyzed by immunoblotting and reverse fibrin autography and shown to contain type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1). Most PAI-1 in the ECM formed complexes with exogenously added tissue-type plasminogen activator ( tPA), demonstrating that this PAI-1 was functionally active. The resulting tPA/PAI-1 complexes were recovered in the reaction solution, indicating that the PAI-1 in such complexes no longer bound to ECM. The PAI-1 could not be removed by incubating ECM in high salt (2 mol/L NaCl), sugars (1 mol/L galactose, 1 mol/L mannose), glycosaminoglycans (10 mmol/L heparin, 10 mmol/L dermatan sulfate), or epsilon-aminocaproic acid (0.1 mol/L). However, PAI-1 could be extracted from ECM by treatment with either arginine (0.5 mol/L) or potassium thiocyanate (2 mol/L), or by incubation under acidic conditions (pH 2.5). ECM depleted of PAI-1 by acid extraction was able to bind both the active and latent forms of PAI-1. In this instance, most of the bound PAI-1 did not form complexes with tPA, indicating that the latent form was not activated as a consequence of binding to ECM. Although the PAI-1 activity in conditioned medium decayed with a half-life (t 1/2) of less than 3 hours, the t 1/2 of ECM-associated PAI-1 was greater than 24 hours. These data suggest that PAI-1 is produced by cultured BAEs in an active form and is then either released into the medium where it is rapidly inactivated or into the subendothelium where it binds to ECM. The specific binding of PAI-1 to ECM protects it from this inactivation.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities